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word Background of a research How is Potential conflicts between economic 200 development and sustainable practices in the era of globalisation perceived and problematized around the world (in academia -different disciplines- but also in society) with

In recent decades, the link between economic development and sustainable practices has become increasingly problematic due to the globalisation of the economy. This has raised concerns about the potential conflict between the need to increase economic growth and address environmental concerns in order to maintain a viable future for the planet. For instance, there is a growing awareness that rapid economic development could come at the cost of reduced natural capital, such as agricultural land and forests, which is essential for sustaining global food production and the earth’s ecosystems. At the same time, international organisations and governments around the world are increasingly recognising the importance of sustainable development, as evidenced by the rise in sustainable development initiatives such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which sets out 17 interconnected goals aiming to protect the environment while ending poverty, reducing inequality and fostering economic growth (United Nations, 2015). As a result, debates have emerged in academia, as well as in society, about how best to reconcile economic development and sustainability. For example, academic studies have highlighted a range of potential solutions to the conflict between economic development and protecting the environment. These have included attempts at ‘green economic growth’ and various mechanisms for market-based mechanisms in order to address the environmental costs of economic activity (Grainger, 2016; Arquilla and Grover, 2016). There have also been proposals for alternative models of economic development, such as the ‘degrowth’ movement, which argues that economic growth should be pursued in a way that increases economic equity while reducing environmental impacts (Kallis et al., 2011). At the same time, registered non-governmental organisations (NGOs) around the world are actively campaigning and advocating for advances in environmental and social justice through initiatives such as the Green New Deal. In this regard, public opinion has become increasingly concerned about the extent to which the pursuit of economic growth has led to environmental degradation (Brill et al., 2017). To conclude, potential conflicts between economic development and sustainable practices pose a complex and multifaceted challenge to the world. Scholars and civil society organisations are actively exploring solutions to this challenge, but more needs to be done to ensure that the need for economic growth does not come at the expense of meaningful environmental protection. References Arquilla, J., & Grover, G. (2016). Task allocation for green economic growth. Journal of Sustainability in Energy & Environment, 2, 7-12. Brill, A.B., Litter, S., Craig, S., Woolfson, G., Vienna, S., & Davison, W. (2017). Public attitudes to economic growth: A survey experiment. Sustainability, 9 (3), 1-18. Grainger, A. (2016). Green economic growth: challenge and policy response. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Kallis, G., Kerschner, C., Martínez-Alier, J., & Von Weizsäcker, E.U. (2011). Degrowth: A vocabulary for a new era. Ecological Economics, 70 (5), 873-879. United Nations (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. New York, NY: United Nations.

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