Artificial Intelligence
Please fill the required field.

polar light


and bioluminescence likely share many similar physical mechanisms as they both depend on a quantum effect of photon emission or absorption by atoms and molecules. Sunrise and sunset occur when light from the Sun has to pass through the Earth's atmosphere at an angle, rather than passing straight down as during the day. Color is scattered and polarized more when coming from an angle to the tropical region of the Earth where Kuala Lumpur sits. This is an effect explained by Rayleigh scattering, and it is the same in the twilight sky as it is in mountains, waterfalls, rainbows or polarizing lenses. In the mid latitudes on the southern side of the Earth, dust particles and ice crystals scatter red light effectively making the sky appear reddish. But in the equatorial region, the Rayleigh scattering effect is stronger for blue light, and proportionally weaker for red light. At the right angle on the equator, there is no scattering of blue light and the sky right next to the setting sun would be blue while the horizon color stays golden yellow. During a sunset in Kuala Lumpur the sunlight is the most reddish it will be that day, and the sky that remains is solid blue. The golden edges left to a blue sky are in the anti-solar direction, or the intersection of the Sun's surface with the sky. It is red for the setting Sun because the light has to pass through thicker amounts of atmosphere when traveling to a greater angle above the horizon. At the horizon from southeast to northwest the Sea of Java gives a golden reflection back to the Sun with some scattering.\autocite{savitzky} Savitzky did a study looking for the green flash on a durable mountain that had a clear view of the sunset that intersects the yellow part of the sky. There she found that mountains were landlocked to a significant occurrence of the green flash, where the atmosphere above the flat ground was too heavy to scatter the violet and blue light into green light. It was only visible high up in certain mountains, when the right atmospheric conditions appeared which could preserve and develop green-colored light in an area of nearly optimal orientation. It is a relatively weak gradient of angle positions that result in either a clear green flash or just a green separation band of light next to the top or bottom of the red sun. The green flash has a green spectrograph line but the green edge glow lasts a little less than a dozen minutes. %When sand, ice crystals or dust are thrown upward on the equator this can act as %prisms to reflect blue light more than red on the right angle, doing what %bubbleblowers or rainbows perform. The polarized light that is seen during sunrise and sunset is also caused by the Rayleigh scattering of sunlight by the atmosphere. This scattering causes the light to be polarized and creates the blue sky we see during the day. When light from the Sun reaches the Earth's atmosphere, it is scattered in all directions. However, light that is scattered in a horizontal plane is more polarized than light scattered in a vertical plane. This is because light that is scattered horizontally is more likely to have been scattered multiple times, resulting in more polarized light. The intensity of polarization increases as the Sun gets closer to the horizon, making the polarized light more visible. At sunrise and sunset, the Sun is closer to the horizon and the light that reaches our eyes is therefore more polarized, giving us the vibrant colors and spectacular views we experience during these times. The polarization of light at sunrise and sunset can also be affected by atmospheric conditions. For example, high humidity can increase the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, causing the polarized light to appear more intense and vibrant. Additionally, pollution can scatter sunlight more intensely, changing the color and polarization of the light we see in the sky. Bioluminescence is a natural process that occurs in a wide range of organisms, from fireflies to deep-sea creatures. It is the result of chemical reactions within the organism that produce light. Like the polarized light seen during sunrise and sunset, bioluminescence is also a result of the quantum effect of photons being emitted or absorbed by atoms and molecules. The colors of bioluminescence are also determined by the chemical composition of the organism. Some organisms, such as fireflies, produce a yellow-green light, while others, like certain species of plankton, emit blue light. The color of the bioluminescent light is influenced by the organism's surrounding environment, including the concentration of chemicals and the clarity of the water. In addition, some species of bioluminescent organisms are known to produce polarized light. For example, some deep-sea fish have been found to emit polarized light from their eyes, which may aid in communication and navigation in the ocean's dark depths.\autocite{crookes} However, the exact mechanisms of how and why bioluminescent organisms produce polarized light are not yet fully understood. In conclusion, both polarized light during sunrise and sunset and bioluminescence are natural phenomena that result from the quantum effect of photons being emitted or absorbed by atoms and molecules. While they may share similar physical mechanisms, the colors and patterns of these phenomena are influenced by different environmental factors, producing the awe-inspiring and diverse views we see in the sky and in the ocean.