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Make the most comprehensive list of all the mandatory activities for people who practise Judaism


1. Observance of the Sabbath: This is the most important obligation for Jews, which runs from sunset on Friday to nightfall on Saturday. During this time, Jews are required to refrain from work, engage in prayer and study, and spend quality time with their families. 2. Observance of holidays: There are numerous holidays and festivals that Jews are required to observe throughout the year, including Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Hanukkah, Passover, and Shavuot. Each holiday has its own set of customs and rituals that must be followed. 3. Prayer: Jews are expected to pray three times a day – in the morning, afternoon, and evening. The most important prayers are the Shema, which is recited twice a day, and the Amidah, which is recited during each prayer service. 4. Keeping kosher: Observant Jews are required to keep kosher, which means following a strict set of dietary laws. This includes abstaining from certain foods, such as pork and shellfish, and ensuring that all food is prepared in accordance with kosher guidelines. 5. Tzedakah: This refers to the obligation to give to those in need and is often interpreted as charity. Jews are required to give a portion of their income to charitable causes and perform acts of kindness and justice. 6. Study of Torah: The Torah is the holy text of Judaism and contains the laws, traditions, and teachings of the religion. Jews are expected to study the Torah regularly to deepen their understanding of their faith. 7. Circumcision: For male infants, circumcision is a mandatory ritual performed on the eighth day after birth. This symbolizes the covenant between God and the Jewish people. 8. Bar/Bat Mitzvah: At the age of 13 for boys and 12 for girls, Jews are considered responsible for following the commandments and observing Jewish laws. This milestone is marked with a ceremony and celebration. 9. Marriage: Marriage is considered a sacred partnership in Judaism, and Jews are expected to marry within the faith. There are also certain customs and rituals that must be followed during a Jewish wedding ceremony. 10. Mourning and burial practices: When a loved one passes away, Jews have specific mourning and burial practices to honor the deceased. This includes sitting shiva, a week-long mourning period, and following specific rites during the burial. 11. Familiarity with Hebrew: Hebrew is the sacred language of Judaism, and Jews are expected to have at least a basic understanding of it in order to participate fully in religious services and rituals. 12. Following the 613 commandments: According to Jewish tradition, there are 613 commandments in the Torah that Jews are required to follow. These commandments cover a wide range of topics, including how to live ethically, how to treat others, and how to worship God. 13. Building and supporting community: Jews are encouraged to be actively involved in their local Jewish community and to support their community through volunteering and charitable contributions. 14. Reaching out to the less fortunate: As part of the belief in social justice, Jews are expected to reach out and help those who are less fortunate, both within the Jewish community and in society as a whole. 15. Fasting: There are several fast days in the Jewish calendar, including Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. On these days, observant Jews refrain from eating and drinking from sunset to nightfall the following day as a way of repenting and connecting with God. 16. Pilgrimages: There are several sites that hold religious significance for Jews, such as the Western Wall in Jerusalem and the tomb of the biblical patriarchs and matriarchs in Hebron. Many Jews consider it a mandatory duty to visit these sites at least once in their lifetime. 17. Mezuzah: This is a small box containing a parchment with verses from the Torah that is affixed to the doorpost of Jewish homes. Jews are obligated to attach a mezuzah to their doorposts as a reminder of their faith and commitment to God. 18. Prohibition against idolatry: As part of the belief in one God, Jews are prohibited from worshipping idols or any other deity. This is considered a fundamental aspect of the Jewish faith. 19. Keeping the laws of family purity: Observant Jews follow specific laws around sexual relations, menstruation, and childbirth to maintain the purity of the family and relationships. 20. Perseverance through adversity: Jews have a history of facing persecution and adversity, and the tradition of resilience and perseverance is considered a mandatory obligation within the faith.