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Invasion of Normandy​- commanders (Allied and Axis)​, goals of the battle​, outcome, Who won, causualties​, were the goals achieved why/why not​ other interesting information about the battle​

Allied Commanders: General Dwight D. Eisenhower, General Bernard Montgomery, General Omar Bradley | Axis Commanders: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, General Gerd von Rundstedt, Colonel General Alfred Jodl Goals of the Battle: The Allied goal of the invasion of Normandy, also known as Operation Overlord, was to establish a beachhead in German-occupied France and gain a foothold in Western Europe. This would open up a second front against Nazi Germany and help bring an end to the war in Europe. The specific objectives of the battle were to secure the beaches and establish control over the surrounding area, capture the cities of Caen, Bayeux, and Cherbourg, and cut off the German military from their supply lines. Outcome: The Allied forces successfully landed on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944, and were able to establish a solid foothold despite facing strong opposition from the German defenders. Despite tough fighting, the Allies were able to secure the beaches and establish control over the surrounding area. This marked the beginning of the liberation of France and the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany. The battle was a major turning point in World War II and is often considered one of the most significant military operations in history. Who Won: The Allies, comprising of the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada, ultimately won the battle. Casualties: The Allies suffered around 10,000 casualties, with the majority being American soldiers. The exact number of Axis casualties is unknown, but it is estimated to be at least 4,000. Were the goals achieved and why/why not: Yes, the goals of the battle were achieved. The Allies were able to successfully establish a beachhead in Normandy and gain a foothold in Western Europe. They also managed to capture key cities and and cut off the German military from their supply lines. By the end of August 1944, the Allies had liberated Paris and were advancing toward Germany on multiple fronts. The success of Operation Overlord ultimately played a crucial role in the defeat of Nazi Germany. Other interesting information: The invasion of Normandy involved the largest amphibious operation in history, with over 156,000 troops landing on the beaches. It was also a highly coordinated effort, with air, naval, and ground forces working together to ensure the success of the operation. Additionally, the code name for the invasion, Operation Overlord, was kept secret and only revealed to high-ranking officials shortly before the operation. The success of the invasion was largely attributed to the detailed planning and preparation by Allied commanders, as well as the bravery and determination of the soldiers who fought on the beaches of Normandy. Update (2024-04-02): Commanders: Allied: 1. General Dwight D. Eisenhower (Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force) 2. General Bernard Montgomery (Commander of the British 21st Army Group) 3. General Omar Bradley (Commander of the US First Army) 4. General Miles Dempsey (Commander of the British 2nd Army) Axis: 1. Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt (Commander-in-Chief of the German Army Group West) 2. General Erwin Rommel (Commander of the German Army Group B) Goals: Allied: 1. To establish a foothold in Normandy, allowing for the eventual liberation of France and Western Europe from Nazi control 2. To divert German forces away from the Eastern Front, helping to turn the tide of the war in favor of the Allies 3. To establish a second front in Europe and open up a new front of attack against Germany Axis: 1. To prevent an Allied invasion and maintain control of Western Europe 2. To inflict heavy casualties on the Allies and ultimately defeat them in the battle 3. To preserve the defensive position in Normandy and hold back the invading forces Outcome: On June 6, 1944, Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy, marking the beginning of the largest amphibious invasion in history. Despite facing heavy resistance from German forces, the Allies were able to establish a foothold in Normandy and push inland, securing key towns and strategic points. The Axis forces were ultimately unable to hold off the Allies and were forced to retreat. The goals of the Allies were achieved, as they were able to establish a successful invasion and begin the liberation of Western Europe from German control. The Axis, on the other hand, failed to prevent the invasion and were unable to hold their defensive position in Normandy. Casualties: Allied: Approximately 10,000 killed, wounded or missing. Axis: Approximately 9,000 killed or captured. Who won: The Allied forces won the Battle of Normandy. Were the goals achieved?: Yes, the goals of the Allies were achieved. The successful invasion and establishment of a foothold in Normandy allowed for the eventual liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control. Other interesting information: 1. The invasion, code-named Operation Overlord, was the result of months of planning and preparation by the Allies. 2. The weather played a critical role in the timing of the invasion, as the Allies needed a combination of low tide and good weather conditions for the operation to be successful. 3. The invasion involved over 6,000 naval vessels and 11,000 aircraft, making it one of the largest and most complex military operations in history. 4. The Germans were caught off guard by the location of the invasion, as they had anticipated an attack further north. 5. The success of the invasion was due in part to the bravery and sacrifice of the soldiers who landed on the beaches, many of whom were young, inexperienced and facing heavy fire from the enemy. 6. The Battle of Normandy continued for several weeks, as the Allies fought to expand their foothold and push deeper into Normandy before eventually breaking through and liberating Paris in August 1944.