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in 400 words explain.Esteem Needs in Maslow’s Hierarchy


Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory developed by Abraham Maslow in the field of psychology. According to this theory, individuals have different needs that they strive to fulfill in order to reach a state of self-actualization. The hierarchy is often represented as a pyramid with five levels, starting with physiological needs at the base and ending with self-actualization at the top. In between, there are three other levels including esteem needs, the focus of this explanation. Esteem needs are the fourth level in Maslow’s hierarchy, above the levels of physiological needs, safety needs, and love and belonging needs. Esteem needs are related to an individual’s self-esteem and self-confidence. They include both the need to be respected by others and the need for self-respect. Esteem needs can be further divided into two categories: esteem for oneself (self-esteem) and the desire for reputation or respect from others (external esteem). Self-esteem is the primary aspect of esteem needs. It refers to an individual’s feelings of self-worth, self-respect, and self-confidence. People with high self-esteem have a positive self-image, believing in their abilities, and are motivated to succeed. On the other hand, those with low self-esteem may feel inferior and may lack the confidence to achieve their goals. Self-esteem is influenced by various factors, such as our relationships, our achievements, and our experiences. The other aspect of esteem needs is external esteem, which includes the desire for reputation, achievements, and recognition from others. This includes the need for admiration, respect, and recognition from others. People with high external esteem often seek recognition and strive for success and accomplishment. They are motivated by external validation and take pride in receiving praise and admiration from others. On the other hand, individuals who have low external esteem may feel unappreciated and overlooked by others, leading to feelings of inadequacy and even depression. Meeting esteem needs is essential for an individual’s well-being and self-actualization. When an individual’s esteem needs are not met, it can lead to feelings of inferiority, low self-esteem, and a lack of motivation. For instance, if a person’s accomplishments and efforts are not recognized or appreciated, they may feel devalued and unimportant. This may result in a decrease in their self-worth and satisfaction with life. In conclusion, esteem needs are a crucial part of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, as they serve as a driving force for individuals to achieve their full potential and reach self-actualization. These needs involve both self-esteem and external esteem, and they are important for an individual’s psychological well-being. Meeting these needs leads to feelings of self-worth, confidence, and personal satisfaction, ultimately contributing to a person’s overall growth and happiness.