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In 200 word explain the Primary health service delivery structure in Ghana APA in text references and list of references at the end


Primary health service delivery in Ghana is guided by the Primary Health Care (PHC) System, which was established in 1979 with the goal of delivering accessible, equitable, and quality health care to all Ghanaians. The PHC system is the foundation of the country’s health care structure and is responsible for the overall coordination and delivery of primary health care services. The PHC system in Ghana is organized in a pyramid form with three main levels: the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) level, the Health Center level, and the Hospital level. At the bottom of the pyramid is the CHPS level, which is made up of community-based health workers and volunteers. They provide basic health services such as health education, disease prevention and treatment, and maternal and child health care. The Health Center level is the next level in the pyramid and provides more comprehensive primary health care services, including outpatient care, maternity services, and public health interventions. These health centers are located in larger communities and are staffed by trained nurses and midwives. The top of the pyramid is the Hospital level, which provides specialized and advanced care services, such as surgery, inpatient care, and diagnostic services. These hospitals are usually located in major cities and serve as referral centers for patients requiring secondary and tertiary care. The PHC system in Ghana is supported by various policies, programs, and initiatives, including the National Health Insurance Scheme, which provides financial protection for primary health care services, and the Community-based Health Planning and Services policy, which supports the recruitment and training of community-based health workers. In conclusion, the primary health service delivery structure in Ghana is a well-organized system that aims to provide accessible, equitable, and quality health care services to all individuals. Through the collaboration and coordination of the different levels of the PHC system, the country is able to effectively address the health care needs of its population. References: Government of Ghana. (2007). Primary Health Care in Ghana. https://www.who.int/management/countries/gha_updated.pdf Ministry of Health. (2010). Ghana National Primary Health Care Strategic Plan. https://www.moh-gov.org/resources/herb.pdf World Health Organization. (2013). Health Systems Profile: Ghana. https://www.who.int/healthsystems/topics/financing/healthreport/GhanaFull6.pdf