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house of lords reform

House of Lords reform is a process of reforming the upper chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Lords. Reform of the House of Lords has been proposed since the late nineteenth century, but has never been implemented. Since the early twentieth century, the following models of reform have been discussed: • Abolishing the House of Lords entirely and replacing it with a fully elected second chamber. • Creating a fully appointed House of Lords by removing hereditary peers. • A mix of elected, appointed, and hereditary peerages in the House. • Creating an indirectly elected House of Lords. • A late twentieth century model of House of Lords as an appointed body with some involvement from non-political life peers. In 2012, the House of Lords Reform Bill was proposed, but failed to get beyond the initial introduction stage. This Bill proposed a mixed system with 80 elected members, 120 appointed members, and 8 remaining hereditary members. The government proposed to continue the right of hereditary peers to attend and sit, though their right to vote would be abolished. No major reforms have been enacted since this Bill. Recently, the government announced that it was preparing to introduce new legislation in the near future. The new legislation would limit the size of the House of Lords to 600 members, of which 80 would be elected and the remainder appointed. However, many members of both the Conservative and Labour parties have expressed reservations about the proposed reforms. The Liberal Democrats and other opposition parties support the reforms, but fear they could potentially be blocked by the House of Commons. Until an agreement on reform can be reached in both chambers of Parliament, the future of Lords reform remains unclear.

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