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Generate a powerful lengthy content on what is Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disorder that causes bones to become weakened and fragile, making them more susceptible to fractures other than normal wear and tear. It is called a “silent disease” because sometimes there are no apparent symptoms until a fracture occurs. This disease is most commonly seen in postmenopausal women, affecting over 200 million women worldwide. Osteoporosis can affect people of all ages, races, and genders, but certain risk factors may increase your risk of developing it. The word osteoporosis stems from the Greek words “osteon” meaning bone, and “poros” meaning porous. Osteoporosis literally translates to “porous bone”, and involves a decrease in the density and quality of bone, making them less compact, with larger pores. This leads to bones that are brittle and may fracture easily. Osteoporosis occurs when the balance is tipped in favour of bone loss, meaning that the body resorbs more bone than it makes. The most common cause of osteoporosis is a decrease in estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. There are other contributing factors including: inadequate intake of calcium and other nutrients; hormonal imbalances; certain medications; health conditions like inflammatory diseases, celiac disease, and hypothyroidism; low physical activity; smoking; and excessive alcohol ingestion. Bone density is measured using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. This test will indicate whether or not a person has osteoporosis. The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends that all women aged 65 and older, as well as women who are postmenopausal or younger and have additional risk factors be evaluated for osteoporosis. Treatments for osteoporosis vary depending on the individual’s risk factors and underlying medical conditions. In some cases, lifestyle modifications such as increasing physical activity, quitting smoking, and reducing alcohol consumption are recommended. Additionally, medications and supplements to increase bone density have been used. In some cases, surgery may also be recommended to repair fractured bones. Osteoporosis is a serious condition that can result in a number of medical complications, such as fractures and increased loss of height. It is important to speak to your doctor if you have any of the risk factors associated with osteoporosis, and if your doctor recommends it, schedule a DXA scan. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can help prevent fractures and other complications from occurring.