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find the definition of the concept of "intellectual property" in international documents


Intellectual property refers to the set of legal rights that are granted to creators and owners of inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images, and designs. These rights are recognized and protected by international treaties and agreements, to encourage innovation, creativity, and economic growth. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) defines it as "creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce." These rights allow the creators and owners to control and benefit from their own works and prevent others from using them without their permission. The concept of intellectual property is recognized and protected by various international documents, including: 1. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886): This treaty is managed by the WIPO and aims to protect and promote the rights of creators in their literary and artistic works. 2. The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883): This treaty also managed by the WIPO, seeks to protect and promote the rights of creators in their industrial and commercial designs, trademarks, and patents. 3. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) (1994): This agreement is managed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and sets minimum standards for intellectual property protection for member countries, in order to promote fair and effective protection of intellectual property rights. 4. The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) (1996): This treaty aims to strengthen copyright protection for literary and artistic works in the digital environment. 5. The WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) (1996): This treaty seeks to protect the rights of performers and producers of phonograms (sound recordings) in their performances and recordings. 6. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) (1970): This treaty is managed by the WIPO and simplifies the process of obtaining patents in multiple countries. Overall, intellectual property refers to the legal framework that protects the rights of creators and owners of various forms of intellectual creations. These international documents are designed to encourage and reward innovation and creativity while ensuring fair and effective protection of these rights.