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explain to details why Waste collection lies at the centre of integrated waste management system.

Waste collection is a crucial aspect of an integrated waste management system because it is responsible for removing waste from homes, businesses, and public places for proper disposal or treatment. It plays a vital role in preventing environmental pollution, protecting public health, and conserving resources. Below are some specific reasons why waste collection is at the centre of an integrated waste management system: 1. Proper waste disposal: The primary goal of waste collection is to gather and transport waste to designated facilities for proper disposal. Without it, waste would accumulate in homes, businesses, and public places, leading to environmental hazards and health risks. 2. Resource conservation: Waste collection is the first step in managing waste, which allows for the extraction of valuable resources from the waste stream. For instance, paper, plastic, and glass can be recycled, and organic waste can be composted, reducing the amount of waste that ends up in landfills or incinerators. 3. Prevention of environmental pollution: When waste is not collected and disposed of properly, it can contaminate the environment and pose a threat to human health. For example, landfill waste can produce harmful gases that contribute to air pollution, while improperly dumped waste can end up in water bodies, polluting them and affecting aquatic life. 4. Promotes public health and safety: Waste collection helps to keep public spaces clean, which in turn, reduces the risk of diseases and injuries caused by unmanaged waste. It also prevents pests and vermin from feasting on the waste and spreading diseases. 5. Encourages responsible waste disposal: With an effective waste collection system in place, people are more likely to dispose of their waste properly. Some waste management systems even provide incentives for responsible waste disposal, such as recycling rewards or penalty fees for improper disposal, increasing the compliance of waste management regulations. 6. Enables proper waste classification: Waste collection helps to separate different types of waste, ensuring that each type is sent to appropriate treatment or disposal facilities. For example, hazardous waste should be handled and disposed of differently from general waste to avoid polluting the environment or harming human health. 7. Facilitates the recovery of valuable resources: Through waste collection, valuable resources can be recovered from the waste stream, such as metals, plastics, or paper. These resources can be recycled and reused, reducing the need for raw materials and promoting a circular economy. In conclusion, waste collection is an essential component of an integrated waste management system as it ensures proper disposal of waste, resource conservation, public health and safety, and responsible waste disposal. It also enables the efficient recovery of valuable resources, making it an integral part of sustainable waste management.