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Explain how Dr check for candida in the urinary tract.

To check for candida in the urinary tract, a doctor may use the following methods: 1. Urinalysis: A urine sample will be taken and sent to a laboratory to check for the presence of candida. The sample will be examined under a microscope to look for candida cells. 2. Urine Culture: A urine culture involves collecting a urine sample and placing it on a special medium that allows any microorganisms, including candida, to grow. This method can confirm the presence of candida and also help determine the type of candida present. 3. PCR Testing: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a method used to detect the genetic material of the candida fungus. This test is highly sensitive and can identify even small amounts of candida in the urine. 4. Imaging Tests: In some cases, imaging tests such as ultrasound or CT scan may be used to check for any abnormalities in the urinary tract caused by candida infection. 5. Cystoscopy: In this procedure, a thin, flexible tube with a camera at the end is inserted into the urethra and bladder to examine the inner walls of these structures. This can help identify any signs of candida overgrowth or damage to the urinary tract tissue. 6. Medical History and Symptoms: The doctor will also ask about the patient's medical history, including any recent antibiotic use or underlying medical conditions that may increase the risk of candida infection. They will also inquire about symptoms such as frequent urination, burning or pain while urinating, and unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. Overall, the diagnosis of candida in the urinary tract involves a combination of these methods to accurately identify and confirm the presence of the fungus.