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A summery of the Ghana Statistical Services2021 on health delivery and access

in Ghana The Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) released its 2021 report on health delivery and access in Ghana, providing valuable insights into the state of the country's healthcare system. The report is a result of a nationwide survey conducted in 2020, which covered both rural and urban areas. Key Findings: 1. Access to Health Facilities: According to the survey, 85% of the Ghanaian population have access to a healthcare facility within a 5km radius of their residence. This is an improvement from 2017, where only 79% of the population had access to a nearby health facility. 2. Utilization of Health Services: The report revealed that only 53% of the population had visited a health facility in the last 6 months, with urban areas having a higher utilization rate (60%) compared to rural areas (44%). Additionally, the main reason for seeking healthcare services was for the treatment of an illness or injury, followed by antenatal care and child immunization. 3. Insurance Coverage: The survey also looked into health insurance coverage in the country. It found that 67% of the population has health insurance, with the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) being the main type of health insurance used. 4. Reasons for Not Seeking Healthcare: The report also explored the reasons why some Ghanaians do not seek healthcare services. The most common reasons were financial constraints, the perceived severity of the illness, and distance to the nearest health facility. 5. Satisfaction with Health Services: The majority of respondents (81%) were satisfied with the quality of healthcare services received, with urban areas having a slightly higher satisfaction rate (82%) compared to rural areas (79%). 6. Maternal and Child Health: The report also highlighted the progress being made in maternal and child health in Ghana. The infant mortality rate has decreased from 41 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017 to 34 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2020. The under-five mortality rate has also decreased from 52 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017 to 44 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2020. 7. Challenges in Health Service Delivery: The report identified some challenges in health service delivery in Ghana, including inadequate facilities and equipment, a shortage of healthcare workers, and long waiting times at health facilities. 8. COVID-19 Impact: The survey also looked at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health service delivery in Ghana. It found that 45% of households reported losing income due to the pandemic, which has affected their ability to access healthcare. Overall, the report highlights both the progress and challenges in the Ghanaian healthcare system. While there have been improvements in access and utilization of health services, there are still issues that need to be addressed, such as financial barriers and inadequate facilities. The findings of the report can be used to inform policies and programs aimed at improving healthcare delivery and access in the country.