Artificial Intelligence
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федеративное устройство российской федерации

общая характеристика 3 курс The federal structure of the Russian Federation is a complex system that combines a centralized government with a significant degree of regional autonomy. It was established after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has undergone several changes and developments since then. The Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted in 1993, defines the country as a federative state, consisting of 85 federal subjects. These subjects include 22 republics, 9 krais, 46 oblasts, 3 federal cities, 1 autonomous oblast, and 4 autonomous okrugs. Each federal subject has its own government and legislative assembly, which has authority over local issues such as education, healthcare, and culture. At the federal level, the government is composed of three branches: the executive, legislative, and judiciary. The executive branch is headed by the President of the Russian Federation, who is elected for a six-year term and has broad powers over foreign and domestic affairs. The legislative branch is represented by the Federal Assembly, which consists of the State Duma (lower house) and the Federation Council (upper house). The judiciary branch is responsible for interpreting and enforcing the law and is headed by the Constitutional Court. One of the key defining features of the Russian Federation's federal structure is the division of powers between the federal government and the federal subjects. The federal government is responsible for issues of national significance, such as defense, foreign policy, and monetary policy, while the federal subjects have autonomy over local affairs. This division of powers is enshrined in the Constitution and is meant to ensure a balance of power between the federal and regional governments. However, in practice, the federal government has often been criticized for centralizing power and encroaching on the autonomy of the federal subjects. This is partly due to the fact that the federal government controls the distribution of financial resources to the regions, giving it significant leverage over the regional governments. Overall, the federal structure of the Russian Federation has provided a degree of stability and decentralization in a vast and diverse country. However, it also carries challenges and tensions, as different levels of government compete for power and resources. As the country continues to develop and evolve, the federal structure is likely to face further changes and refinements.